BOWER, a parish, in the county of Caithness, 7 miles (W.) from Keiss; containing 1689 inhabitants. This place is said to derive its name from a Danish word signifying "a valley," and the application of the term to this locality seems to be by no means inappropriate. The parish is about twelve miles long, and four broad, and the surface is in general low and flat, being diversified only by a ridge of green hills, of small elevation, running from north to south, through the whole: on an eminence in this ridge, near Bower-Tower, is a large perpendicular stone called Stone Lude or Lutt, supposed to mark the sepulchre of some Danish or Norwegian chief who fell here. The soil of the arable land consists mostly of strong clay and loam, and the subsoil is clay; in some hollows and valleys, a fine rich marl is obtained in great abundance, and extensively and very beneficially used as manure. The parish is altogether agricultural and pastoral, and the recent prevalence of sheep-farming has diminished the importance of the former branch, and given to the latter a decided predominance; grain and live stock are frequently sent to the south, being shipped at Wick, by steamers or trading vessels. The rateable annual value of the parish is £4300. The rocks are of the primitive class; a vein of copper was discovered some time ago, but was never worked. Barrack House and Stempster House, both modern edifices, Stanstill, and Tister, are the principal residences. The population is scattered among the rural districts; many, in consequence of the necessary expulsion of agricultural labourers, by the extensive introduction of sheep-farming, have been driven to the moors, or to seek a livelihood in foreign lands. Four annual fairs are held here, namely, Campster fair, on the Tuesday after St. Patrick's-day, Lyth fair, on the second Tuesday of October, St. Maud's, on the second Tuesday in November (all O. S.), and Stanstill, held in November; also a cattle-market every Wednesday, from June till October, inclusive. The post-road, which is in good condition, passes through the south-west part of the parish, for several miles, and there are also some good county roads, one of which joins the post-road above Halkirk, on the hill of Sordal. The ecclesiastical affairs are subject to the presbytery of Caithness and synod of Caithness and Sutherland; patron, Sir James Colquhoun, Bart.; the stipend of the minister is £191. 4. 6., with a manse and glebe. The church is ancient, and the number of its sittings is computed at 441: a parochial school is supported, at which the usual branches are taught, and the master has a salary of £35. 16., with £14 fees. Here are several Druidical circles or temples, as well as numerous tumuli; the most striking is the cairn of Heather Cow, which is surrounded by six or seven circles of large stones, and situated on an eminence commanding an extensive prospect.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

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  • Bower — may refer to:* a folly built by the Bowerbird to attract mates * a dwelling or lean to shelter * an anchor carried at the bow of a ship * Bower Manuscript, a Sanskrit manuscript * Bower Barff process, a metallurgy method of coating iron or steel… …   Wikipedia

  • Bower — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Archibald Bower (1686–1766), schottischer Jesuit David Bower (* 1969), walisischer Tänzer, Choreograf und Schauspieler Frederick Orpen Bower (1855–1948), britischer Botaniker Graham John Bower (1848–1933) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bower — Bow er (bou [ e]r), n. [G. bauer a peasant. So called from the figure sometimes used for the knave in cards. See {Boor}.] One of the two highest cards in the pack commonly used in the game of euchre. [1913 Webster] {Right bower}, the knave of the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bower — bower1 [bou′ər] n. [ME bour < OE bur, room, hut, dwelling, akin to Ger bauer, bird cage: for IE base see BONDAGE] 1. a place enclosed by overhanging boughs of trees or by vines on a trellis; arbor 2. Old Poet. a rustic cottage or retreat 3.… …   English World dictionary

  • Bower — Bo wer, n. [From {Bow}, v. & n.] [1913 Webster] 1. One who bows or bends. [1913 Webster] 2. (Naut.) An anchor carried at the bow of a ship. [1913 Webster] 3. A muscle that bends a limb, esp. the arm. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] His rawbone arms, whose… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bower — Bow er, n. [OE. bour, bur, room, dwelling, AS. b[=u]r, fr. the root of AS. b[=u]an to dwell; akin to Icel. b[=u]r chamber, storehouse, Sw. b[=u]r cage, Dan. buur, OHG. p[=u]r room, G. bauer cage, bauer a peasant. [root]97] Cf.{Boor}, {Byre}.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bower — O.E. bur room, hut, dwelling, chamber, from P.Gmc. *buraz (Cf. O.N. bur chamber, Swed. bur cage, O.H.G. bur dwelling, chamber, Ger. Bauer birdcage ), from *bu to dwell, from PIE root *bheue to be, exist …   Etymology dictionary

  • Bower — Bow er, v. t. To embower; to inclose. Shak. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bower — Bow er, v. i. To lodge. [Obs.] Spenser. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bower — Bow er, n. [From {Bough}, cf. {Brancher}.] (Falconry) A young hawk, when it begins to leave the nest. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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